Goalkeeper (water polo)

In water polo, the goalkeeper occupies a position as the last line of defense between the opponent's offence and his or her own team's goal, which is 2.8 m2 (30 sq ft).[note 1] The goalkeeper is different to other people on his or her team; he or she possesses certain privileges, restrictions and differences to field players. As well as this, he or she must possess different skills to the fielders. Goalkeepers often have longer playing careers than field players due to the fact that they swim far less.[2] In water polo, the goalkeeper is commonly known as the goalie or keeper and may also be known as the man/woman in the cage. The primary role of the goalkeeper is to block shots at the goal.[26] After saving the ball, the goalkeeper has the responsibility to keep possession of the ball in order to stop opposing players regaining possession.[27] He or she must make sure that whenever the opposition appears to be ready to make a shot on goal, his or her hands are near or above the surface of the water.[28] He or she also possesses the job to pass down the pool accurately in order to retain possession of the ball,[29] often starting the team's counterattack.[30] A goalkeeper at a penalty shot using option 2. The goalkeeper is the only player who may block a penalty and because 63.7% of pe

alties are goals, the goalkeeper has a massive role in this area[31] but failure to be in the correct position at a penalty is an exclusion foul.[32] At a penalty shootout, the goalkeeper's job is critical and will largely determine the outcome of the match. If the goalkeeper is excluded during the course of the penalty shootout, then one of the other five players in the pool may take his or her place.[33] The goalkeeper's hips should be high at a penalty shot to give him extra height.[34] The goalkeeper should do one of two things at a penalty shot:[35] Stay in the middle of the goal, raise him or herself up high and spread arms wide to eliminate the possibility of shots towards the centre of the goal Move to one side of the goal as a guess to where the shooter will place the ball. Moreover, goalkeepers should have leadership. They should inform field players of information, such as unmarked players and the time of the game clock and give instructions to the field players.[36] Because of this, he or she may sometimes be known as the coach in the water.[37] When a man down, goalkeepers have extra responsibility. It is easier for the other team to continue to shoot, making the goalkeeper very worn out.[38] Platanou said that with a man down the goalkeeper had "The highest possible intensity".